Architecture


Russian wooden architecture

In wooden architecture, Russian art reached a pinnacle of achievement. Indeed, this folk craft, developing over the centuries in a land abounding in forests, achieved consummate perfection, going all the way from the primitive izba, the log cabin of the peasant, to the magnificent palatial ensemble at Kolomenskoye with its wealth of adornment, intricately grouped structures and plentiful arrangement of galleries and porches, from the watch-towers of ancient settlements to the formidable fortifications of Russian towns, from the steeples of pagan temples to the many-domed Church of the Transfiguration at Kizhi, a fairy tale creation, of which, as legend has it, its builder and architect Nester said, as he cast his axe into Lake Onega, that, "There has never been and never will be anything like it."

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The fortification walls and towers of the Saviour-Euthymus Monastery

The fortification walls and towers of the Saviour-Euthymus MonasterySuzdal. The fortification walls and towers of the Saviour-Euthymus Monastery. 17th century

Great Saviour-Euthymus Monastery towers on the left bank of the Kamenka River. Its territory is protected with tall fortress walls with towers that have loopholes for distant battles.

Decorative facades hide military appointment of fortress and its monumentalism.

 
Church of St. Nicholas

Church of St. NicholasSuzdal. Church of St. Nicholas. 1720-1739

The Church of St. Nicholas belongs to amount of the best monuments of XVIII century in Suzdal.

It joins elements of architecture, which date from XVII and XVIII centuries, in its architectural appearance and in well-decorated interior.

Unusual concave tent that was created by Suzdal architects completes tall and slim bell tower, which adjoins the church.

 
Monastery of the Intercession

Suzdal Monastery of the IntercessionSuzdal. Monastery of the Intercession. 16th - 17th centuries

Monastery of the Intercession is situated in the flood plain of the Kamenka River.

It is seen from the bird's-eye view. Monastery has low walls and not belligerent appearance of tower.

Old wooden monastic cells were preserved as well as stone architecture monuments in Monastery.

 
Suburban dwelling house

Suzdal Suburban dwelling house

Suzdal. Suburban dwelling house. 17th - 18th centuries

This tiny two-storeyed house is located near the walls of Saviour-Euthymus Monastery.

It is one of the well-preserved stone architecture monuments (end of the XVII century). Its appearance resembles residential buildings of old Suzdal.

The interior of urban life in the XVIII century, which was recreated inside of the house, supplements its architecture.

 
Rich peasant house from the village of Log.

Russian village

Rich peasant house from the village of Log. Mid-19th century

The house was taken across in Suzdal in 1973. It is interesting monument of wooden architecture and peasant life in the middle of last century.

Changes, which happened in the economy and order of the Russian village during the capitalist epoch, were represented in the architecture, yard planning, interior of rooms and equipping of weaver workshop on the first floor.

 

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