Applied art


Artistic cast iron 19th — 20th century

Artistic cast ironIn the 19th - 20th century Russia cast iron was used for the most luxurious interiors together with marble, bronze, silver. The objects of cast iron decorated studies, drawing rooms, libraries, they were presented and collected.

At the turn of the; 20th century, museums started collecting artistic cast iron. At present the Sergiev Posad Museum collection, which was formed in the course of sixty years, from 1930 till 1996, possesses 182 items.

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Russian Kerchiefs and Shawls

Calico kerchief First printing mill  Moscow 1932The collection of kerchiefs and shawls, which numbers over a thousand Russian-produced specimens, holds a worthy place among the treasures of the Museum of History. Of special value are the items carrying the manufacturers’ trademarks.

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Lace-making, embroidery

Today lace-making is carried on at the centres in Vologda, Yelets, Sovietsk (formely the Sloboda of Kukarka), Mikhailov, and Kirishi, which produce hand-made pillow lace in characteristic manner, differing from district to district.

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Art metal-working

Art metal-workingThe old traditions of artistic metal-working are developing successfully in modern applied art. This can be seen in the lacelike filigree of the decorative patterns which are a feature of the work of jewellers at Krasnoye-on-Volga, Kostroma region.

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Russian folk toys

DymkovoRussian folk toys are well represented by work from a wide variety of centres renowned throughout the country for toy making. In and around Moscow one of the most popular kind of toys is those from Bogorodskoye, which are skiltully carved in wood. They vary in character and degree of complexity, and show great diversity of theme. The lathe-turned toys of Zagorsk have original painted ornamentation with poker-work outlines. Babino craftsmen (Podolsk district) make fascinating miniature toys, brightly coloured and polished.

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The decorative art of Soviet Byelorussia

decorative art of Soviet ByelorussiaThe decorative art of Soviet Byelorussia develops on the basis of the national traditions of folk art and modern artistic fashions and techniques with a new approach to the image and principles of decorative expression.

The formation of Byelorussian decorative art took place in the 14th — 18th centuries, the times when many famous handicraft centres appeared. Then Byelorussian wood-carvers, jewellers and weavers worked not only in Byelorussia but also in Muscovy. They adorned the Donskoy and Novodevichve monasteries and the Palace in Kolomenskoye with carved work and tiled the Resurrection Cathedral of the New Jerusalem monastery.

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  • Russian Porcelain from the 18th to the Early 20th Century

    Porcelain from China and Germany had been known in Russia for centuries due to trade relations with foreign countries and private travel. But porcelain production became possible in Russia only in the 1740s as the result of work done by talented Russian scientist Dmitry Vinogradov, who discovered the secret of porcelain production and began its industrial manufacture.
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  • Main marks of Imperial Porcelain Factory in St. Petersburg

    The Royal Porcelain factory (the St. Petersburg Porcelain factory) — 1744—1918. The production started in 1748. Produced mainly porcelain, faience was produced for a short time.
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  • Verbilki porcelain

    Some words about history of Russian and Soviet porcelain. Francis Gardner, an English timber merchant, settled in Russia in 1746 and, after twenty years in the timber trade, founded, on March 7, 1766, Russia’s first privately owned porcelain factory near the village of Verbilki, the Dmitrov uezd, Moscow gubernia.Archives and surviving porcelain samples give a full case-history of the earliest Russian porcelain undertaking.
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Latest Articles


  • Palekh

    The art of Palekh, one of the many applied art and craft centres of Russia, is unique. The precious miniatures decorating the lacquered papier-mache boxes, caskets and other objects, produced by the painters of the old village of Palekh in Central Russia, have gained world renown.
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  • Jeweller’s art of the peoples of Russia

    Jewellery occupies a special place among works of decorative-applied art. It had a long process of development as it passed from talismans which give protection against enemies and diseases to real works of art, decorating costume and emphasizing its design and originality. Being closely linked with the material and spiritual life of peoples, jewellery embodied their aesthetic and social ideas as well as the peculiarity of national art.
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  • Main marks of Imperial Porcelain Factory in St. Petersburg

    The Royal Porcelain factory (the St. Petersburg Porcelain factory) — 1744—1918. The production started in 1748. Produced mainly porcelain, faience was produced for a short time.
    Read more...
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